This section provides a list of GIS programs and data websites at the national level. Please click on the links below or scroll down the page for more information.
Table of Contents
National Data Websites
Coastline Data Websites
NASA Applied Sciences Program - Coastal Management
ESA Directorate is part of NASA Earth Science Enterprise (ESE), which “is dedicated to understanding the total Earth system and the effects of natural and human-induced changes on the global environment.” This website provides links to several interagency programs, which are developing observation systems to identify and monitor changes and potential threats within the coastal zone, and decision tools to support coastal management, especially issues concerning harmful algal blooms, hypoxia, and coastal inundation. NASA ESA accessed March 2004, updated November 2006.
NOAA Coastal Services Center
The NOAA Coastal Services Center is devoted to serving the nation's state and local coastal resource management programs. NOAA accessed March 2004.
Alliance for Coastal Technologies (ACT)
The ACT is a NOAA funded partnership of research institutions, state and regional resource managers, and private sector companies interested in developing and applying sensor technologies for monitoring coastal environments. ACT accessed March 2004, updated November 2006.
Coastal Remote Sensing (CRS) Program
Through partnerships with public and private organizations, the NOAA Remote Sensing Program provides: tools to deliver remotely-sensed imagery and derived-products; land cover and change datasets; high-resolution beach topography data; benthic habitat and change datasets; tools to monitor harmful algal bloom movement; models and techniques to evaluate water quality in estuarine habitats; training modules for coastal applications; and methodologies for conducting mapping projects. The Coastal Remote Sensing (CRS) program uses grants, cooperative agreements, and contracts to aid the coastal resource management community with remote sensing needs and issues. NOAA accessed March 2004.
Coastal Information Directory (CID)
The CID is a search engine that allows users to search for data sets containing information relevant to coastal issues. NOAA Coastal Services Center accessed March 2004.
Coastal Geospatial Information: Examples of Internet Resources
This web page provides an overview of coast-related data from a variety of sources, including federal GIS data websites, coastal state and U.S. Territory GIS data web sites, clearinghouses, other spatial data resources, training resources, and metadata starting points. NOAA Coastal Services Center accessed March 2004.
Proceedings of Coastal GeoTools: Spatial Technology Conference for Coastal Resource Professionals
Conference held to promote the understanding and use of geospatial data, tools, and technology applications for effective coastal management. NOAA Coastal Services Center accessed March 2004.
GIS for Coastal Managers
By NOAA, this site advises, guides, and is a tutorial on GIS for coastal communities. Accessed November 2006.
This site provides access to a variety of sources pertaining to shoreline data and information. Several of these sources were created by the NOAA Coastal Services Center, while others are external to the Center. NOAA Coastal Services Center accessed March 2004.
Topographic Change Mapping Project
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Coastal Services Center uses remote sensing technologies, including Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) and Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (IfSAR or InSAR), to map coastal topography. The Topographic Change Mapping project follows in the footsteps of the Airborne LIDAR Assessment of Coastal Erosion (ALACE) project, which collected LIDAR data along the beaches of the U.S. from 1996 to 2000 using the NASA Airborne Topographic Mapper (ATM) sensor. NOAA Coastal Services Center accessed March 2004.
National Data Websites
A global network of geographic information users and providers, the Geography Network provides the infrastructure needed to support the sharing of geographic information among data providers, service providers, and users around the world. Access many types of geographic content including dynamic maps, downloadable data, and more advanced Web services. Environmental Systems Research Institute accessed March 2004.
The Geospatial One-Stop E-Gov initiative is an intergovernmental project managed by the Department of the Interior in support of the President's Initiative for E-government. Geospatial One Stop builds upon its partnership with the Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) to improve the ability of the public and government to use geospatial information to support the business of government and facilitate decision-making. This website provides access to an enormous amount of geospatial data and information. Has high resolution imagery in coastal zones. Updated November 2006.
Coastline Data Websites
EPA Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Tools
This Environmental Protection Agency website provides links to EPA GIS-based watershed tools and maps, including 1) Better Assessment Science Integrating Point and Nonpoint Sources (BASINS), a package that integrates GIS, national watershed data, and state-of-the-art environmental assessment and modeling tools; 2) the Geospatial Data Clearinghouse, which provides access to GIS data; and 3) Envirofacts Warehouse. US EPA accessed March 2004.
EnviroMapper for Water
The EPA's EnviroMapper for Water is a web-based GIS application that dynamically displays information about bodies of water in the United States. This interactive tool allows you to create customized maps that portray the nation's surface waters along with a collection of environmental data. US EPA accessed March 2004.
FEMA Digital Q3 Flood Data
FEMA website provides access to Q3 flood data that is used in screening property addresses within a GIS to determine flood risks. FEMA accessed March 2004, updated November 2006.
This website provides links to the FEMA's Multi-Hazard Mapping site, to the Disaster Mapping and Analysis Center, and to the Mitigation Directorate's Flood Hazard Mapping Technical Services Division. FEMA accessed March 2004, updated November 2006.
NGDC Coastline Extractor
The Coastline Extractor was created by Rich Signell of the U.S. Geological Survey / Geologic Division / Coastal and Marine Program / Woods Hole Field Center. This website allows you to extract and plot coastline segments bounded by a specified latitude/longitude range. NOAA/National Geophysical Data Center, Marine Geology and Geophysics Division, accessed March 2004.
NGDC Shoreline/Coastline Data
This website provides links to: 1) Coastline Extractor; 2) GSHHS – a global self-consistent, hierarchical, high-resolution Shoreline Database; and 3) Coast Relief Model at NGDC. USGS accessed March 2004.
NOAA National Ocean Service
NOAA's MapFinder service provides data across the United States. NOAA Ocean Service accessed March 2004, updated November 2006.
USACE Ecosystem Management and Restoration Information System
The Ecosystem Management and Restoration Information System (EMRIS) provides up-to-date information about the regulatory, planning, and operational aspects of ecosystem management and restoration. This website includes an extensive section on the application of GIS and other spatial technologies to this field. USACE Ecosystem Management and Restoration Information System Help web pages accessed March 2004, updated November 2006.
USACE Zebra Mussel Information System (ZMIS)
ZMIS is an interactive system designed to allow easy access to a wide variety of information on zebra mussels. Information in the system includes identification of adults and immature, life history, impact, monitoring and detection, management strategies, contaminant issues, as well as an extensive bibliography. This website includes GIS maps of North American Zebra Mussel Distribution from 1988 to 1999. US Army Corps of Engineers accessed April 2004, updated November 2006.
USACE Noxious and Nuisance Plant Management Information System (PMIS)
PMIS is an information/expert system that allows minimally trained personnel access to a variety of topics concerning noxious vegetation management. It is highly interactive, allowing for plant identification which closely simulates the interaction between experts and non-technical personnel, as well as providing information on the best herbicides to use and the available bio-control agents. US Army Corps of Engineers accessed April 2004, updated November 2006.
USACE Aquatic Plant Information System (APIS)
APIS provides identification and management information for over 60 species of native and introduced aquatic and wetland plant species. Plant information can be accessed by geographical region. APIS is highly interactive and allows rapid and efficient access to the information via hyper-linked text, photographs, maps, videos, and illustrations. US Army Corps of Engineers, accessed April 2004, updated November 2006.
National Wetlands Inventory
The US Fish and Wildlife Service's webpage about interactive mapping. Included wetlands data, high resolution hydrology and transportation, and US Fish and Wildlife refuges. US Fish and Wildlife Service, accessed March 2004, updated November 2006.